What is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a powerful psychoactive stimulant drug. It works by increasing levels of the natural chemical messenger dopamine in brain circuits and causes a euphoric high. This chemical controls pleasure and movement.

Usually, the brain releases dopamine as a response to potential rewards, for example the smell of fresh baking. It then recycles back into the cell that released it closing off the signal between the nerve cells.

Cocaine prevents dopamine from completing this recycling process. It causes excessive amounts to build up between nerve cells. This flood of dopamine disrupts normal brain activity and causes cocaine’s high. Research has shown that repeated use of this drug can lead to a change in the structure and function of the brain.

This drug is the most powerful stimulant of natural origins and comes from the leaves of the coca plant. Cocaine is usually produced as a white powder which can be snorted, smoked or injected.

Street Names for Cocaine

Cocaine like all drugs goes under the guise of many different names. These fluctuate depending on the region people come from and the age that they are. Each generation comes up with their own particular favourites.

  • Coke
  • Blow
  • Crack
  • Ching
  • Rack
  • Rock
  • Snow
  • Peruvian Marching Powder
  • Devil’s Dandruff

The Effects of Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine targets the brain’s pleasure and reward centre releasing a large amount of dopamine resulting a short intense high making the user feeling amazing, confident and on top of the world. This feeling lasts only around 20-30 minutes.

Every addict’s path into addiction varies. This is a complex disease with many underlying layers which coupled together with trauma, abuse, depression and anxiety make it difficult to diagnose and treat without effective residential addiction treatment.

Physical

  • Permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain
  • High blood pressure, leading to heart attacks, strokes, and death
  • Liver, kidney and lung damage
  • Destruction of tissues in nose if snorted
  • Respiratory failure if smoked
  • Infectious diseases and abscesses if injected
  • Severe tooth decay
  • Reproductive damage and infertility (for both men and women)
  • Changes in the brain chemistry – short term
  • Changes in the structure and function of the brain – long term
  • Neglecting personal hygiene
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Unhealthy eating habits/malnutrition
  • Cravings
  • Tolerance

Psychological

  • Psychosis
  • Triggers
  • Compulsion
  • Obsession
  • Lying to yourself/denial

Emotional

  • Apathy /Exhaustion
  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Aggression
  • Memory loss
  • Mood Swings
  • Paranoia
  • Fear
  • Psychosis
  • Loneliness

 

 Social

  • Potential increase in risky behaviour
  • Financial problems
  • Sexual problems
  • Lack of interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Lack of interest in work/school
  • Lack of interest and ability in maintain relationships/friendships
  • Damaged relationships with family members
  • Isolation
  • Lying to others

Spiritual

  • Damaged self-esteem and self-worth
  • Damaged relationship with self
  • Lack of interest in life
  • Inability to function without the drug
  • Continued use despite negative consequences

The signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction get progressively worse over time and there will be no resolution until effective addiction treatment and aftercare are sought.

Withdrawal from Cocaine

Not everyone requires a medically supervised detox but for those with a physical dependency a period of detoxification must take place. This usually means that a tapered dose of medication is prescribed over a period of time.

Symptoms of cocaine withdrawal can include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Restlessness
  • Cravings
  • Fatigue
  • Paranoia

The Two Stages of Withdrawal – Acute and Post-Acute

There are two stages of withdrawal from cocaine addiction. The first stage has immediate acute symptoms and these are usually both physical and physiological. During stage two, former users experience post-acute withdrawal symptoms or PAWS.

These refer to a number of psychological symptoms which can last for weeks or months after the user has stopped taking the drug. This is one of many reasons why residential treatment is the most effective way to treat cocaine addiction.

Post-acute withdrawal symptoms can include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Cravings
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Lack of motivation
  • Inability to feel pleasure
  • Anger or emotional outbursts

Cocaine Withdrawal at Hader Clinic

Cocaine withdrawal is very specific and symptoms may vary in severity and duration depending on the client. Usually these are more psychologically uncomfortable rather than physically life threatening.

Accurate assessment by our capable medical team determines if our clients require a medicated period of detoxification.  This will depend on the individual’s circumstances and symptoms are always closely monitored by our skilled clinical and medical staff and treated accordingly.

Our team are highly experienced in providing safe and effective cocaine detox programs. They aim to keep clients as comfortable and supported as possible so they can participate in the program.

Evidence Based Adderall Addiction Treatment at Hader Clinic 

The Hader Clinic program is internationally acclaimed and our staff are experienced in treating people addicted to Adderall. We recommend that clients, especially those with a long withdrawal period stay in residential treatment for the full 90 days. However, we also run the program for 28 days and 60 days.

At every stage of the process, clients are monitored, evaluated and their successes acknowledged. This really helps our staff to respond to what is going on for the clients and helps to instil an ever growing sense of self-esteem and a new found confidence.

The Primary Program is fully supervised 24 hours a day by a team of professional staff who want nothing more than to assist clients in their treatment goals. All of our case managers are in recovery creating a nurturing environment where real transformation is not only possible but tangible. They are great examples to clients entering our program who have given up hope that things can ever change.